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What Are Multiple Ways for Awareness and Detection of Mastitis in Dairy Cows?

May. 31, 2021


What Are Multiple Ways for Awareness and Detection of Mastitis in Dairy Cows?

Mastitis is a mammary gland inflammation that is usually caused by an intramammary infection (IMI). Bacteria are the most frequent cause of IMI, however other microorganisms like yeasts or molds, some tiny algae (Prototheca spp.), and viruses can also cause it. Mastitis can also be caused by physical damage or chemical irritation.

Mastitis is a condition in which the breast tissue becomes inflamed & infected. Breast pain, swelling, warmth, and redness are all symptoms of inflammation. You can also have a fever and chills. Breast-feeding mothers are the ones that are most likely to get mastitis (lactation mastitis). Mastitis is one of the top three causes dairy cows are slaughtered. Mastitis also has a negative impact on dairy cow reproductive performance; on average, it takes 40 days longer to get cows pregnant that have had a case of mastitis than herd mates who have not had a case of mastitis. Medical symptoms of abnormal milk, swelling of the udder (tender to the touch), general signs of sickness (fever, nausea, lack of appetite), and, in many cases, a decrease in milk quality are used to make the diagnosis.

What causes mastitis in cows?

Mastitis develops when germs infecting the teat canal cause leukocytes to be discharged into the mammary gland, causing the udder to become inflamed. These bacteria multiply and produce toxins that injure the milk secreting tissue and ducts of the mammary gland.



How do we detect mastitis?

The presence of a spike in somatic cells in the milk can be used to diagnose subclinical mastitis. Subclinical mastitis is a kind of mammary gland inflammation that doesn't show up in the milk or on the udder. Despite the appearance of normal milk, subclinical infected cows will produce less milk, and the quality of the milk will suffer. MTUSBIO produced a handheld tool that can help us detect or determine certain mastitis if our cow is infected. This mastitis detector is a tool to check somatic cell, lactose and mastitis.

What are the other categories of mastitis?

Contagious Pathogens and Environmental Pathogens are the two categories of mastitis. Infected mammary glands serve as the principal reservoir for contagious infections, which are transferred from cow to cow during milking. Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Mycoplasma are all contagious pathogens. Environmental pathogens are those that live in the cow's natural environment. When teat ends come into touch with polluted bedding, manure, polluted water, or dirt, cows are predominantly exposed to these infections between milkings. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., and environmental streptococci including S. uberis and S. dysgalactiae are all common pathogens found in the environment.


How can I tell whether my cow is suffering from mastitis?

Swelling, heat, hardness, redness, or discomforts are the most evident indications of clinical mastitis in the udder. Milk seems watery, and flakes, clots, or pus is frequently found.


How do you naturally cure mastitis in cows?

Because vitamin D lowered bacterial counts early in the illness, milk output was also higher in the treated animals. According to Lippolis, these findings show that vitamin D might assist minimize antibiotic use in the treatment of mastitis.

Mastitis is an inflammation of the mammary gland in reaction to damage with the goal of "killing or neutralizing the infectious agents and preparing the way for recovery and restoration to normal function," according to the National Mastitis Council's Current Concepts on Bovine Mastitis. For more information, here are the links that help you